Client lists, research and development, plans and strategies, pricing models, source code, what customers will pay for a product or service, product testing, and a whole host of other information.
It’s all sensitive information. Businesses can’t function without it. It can all be protected by confidential information.
The same principles apply in commercial, employment and non-employment situations with small differences.
It applies to a wide range of information.
That’s regardless of the media that it is recorded. Or whether it is just kept in people’s heads and never written down.
What’s more, confidential information can protect information before other forms of intellectual property come into existence, or never will.